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Paul Cezanne

Paul Cezanne

Date of Birth: 19/1/1839

A French artist and Post-Impressionist painter described by both Matisse and Picasso as "the father of us all." Cezanne was born in the southern French town of Aix-en-Provence, January 19, 1839, the son of a wealthy banker. In 1862, after a number of bitter family disputes, the aspiring artist was given a small allowance and sent to study art in Paris. His early work featured a dark heavily impastoed paint applied roughly with a palette knife. In July 1870 he left Paris for Marseilles where he changed themes to predominantly landscapes. After this he moved between Paris and Provence and exhibited in the first (1874) and third Impressionist shows (1877). He enjoyed a stable period in Provence but from 1890 until his death he was beset by troubling events and he withdrew further into his painting, spending long periods as a virtual recluse. "But you know all pictures painted inside, in the studio, will never be as good as those done outside....I see superb things, and I must resolve to paint only outdoors." Cezanne, October 1866.

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Paul Cezanne