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Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro

Date of Birth: 10/7/1830

A French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter who was the only artist to have shown his work at all eight Paris Impressionist exhibitions. Born in the West Indies in 1830, his father was a merchant who sent Camille to a boarding school in France at the age of 12. While a young student, he developed an early appreciation of the French art masters and continued to develop his artistic skills whenever he could on his return to the island of St. Thomas. In 1855 he moved back to Paris where he began working as assistant to Danish artist Anton Melbye, going on to develop a love of rural scenes painted from nature. At the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870, Camille moved to England and painted landscapes. When he returned home to France a year later, he discovered that only 40 of the 1,500 paintings he had left there - almost twenty years work had been damaged or destroyed. Over the next ten years Pissarro became one of the most influential members of the French Impressionist movement, not only as an artist but also as a teacher to artists such as Czanne and Gauguin. In the last years of his life, he painted many series of certain aspects of Paris, Rouen and Le Havre, despite suffering from a recurring eye infection that prevented him from working outdoors. When Camille Pissarro died in 1903 he was only just beginning to gain critical recognition and praise.

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Camille Pissarro