Date of Birth: 14/11/1840
Born in Paris, he spent his childhood in Le Havre where his father was a merchant. There he met a local artist, Eugne Boudin, who encouraged him to become a landscape painter. In 1859, Monet went to Paris to study at the Acadmie Suisse, where he became close friends with a fellow student, Camille Pissarro. He later met with most of the major artists of the era including Renoir, Cezanne, Whistler and Manet and became a leading member of the Impressionist group of painters. Working from nature was a particular hallmark of the Impressionist movement, and one that Monet embraced, reflecting in his paintings the ever-changing impact of light and weather conditions. The term was coined from Monet's "An Impression, Sunrise" exhibited in 1874. During the 1880s, Monet travelled through France painting a variety of landscapes. He gradually became better known and for the last 30 years of his life he was regarded as the greatest of the Impressionists. He painted a series of pictures of one subject, including "Haystacks", "Rouen Cathedral" and "Waterlilies." The latter were painted in the elaborate garden Monet created at his house at Giverny.